Sale!

A DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF JESUS’ CONVERSATION WITH THE SAMARITAN WOMAN

5,000.00 3,000.00

Description

A DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF JESUS’ CONVERSATION WITH THE
SAMARITAN WOMAN

ABSTRACT

It is a known fact that Discourse Analysis is the analysis of language in use. This

work  shaowed  how  discourse  analysis  and  pragmatic  elements  can  be  used  in

decoding facts and foregrounded information in the Holy Bible especially Jesus’

conversation  with  the  Samaritan  woman.  The  discourse  elements  such  as:

participants,  context,  turn-taking,  exchange  structure,  reference,  presupposition,

inference,  intention  were  used  to  bring  out  the  foregrounded  information  in  the

conversation. In  conclusion,  we  were  able  to  show  that  addressee  deduced  or

inferred  more  information  from  addressor’s  utterance  beyond  what  the  original

intention might have been.

vii

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page       i

Certification       ii

Dedication       v

Acknowledgment      vi

Abstract       vii

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 General Introduction       1

1.2 Purpose         2

1.3 Scope and delimitation       2

1.4 Justification        3

1.5 Methodology        3

CHAPTER TWO

2.1 Introduction        4

viii

2.2 Discourse         4

2.3 Discourse Analysis       5

2.4 Elements of discourse analysis      8

2.4.1Participants        8

2.4.2 Context         8

2.4.3 Turn-taking        11

2.4.4 Exchange structure       12

2.4.4.1 Initiation, response and feedback     12

2.4.4.2 Adjacency pairs       13

2.4.5 Topic         13

2.5 Pragmatic concepts of discourse     14

2.5.1 Presupposition       14

2.5.2 Implicature        15

ix

2.5.3 Reference        17

2.5.4 Inference        18

2.5.5 Intention        18

2.6 Data description        19

2.6.1 Jesus Christ        20

2.6.2 The Samaritan woman       20.

CHAPTER THREE

3.1 Introduction        21

3.2 Datum 1         21

3.3 Datum 2         27

3.4 Datum 3         31

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1 Summary         37

x

4.2 Findings         38

Bibliography         41

xi

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 GENERAL INTRODUCTION

Over the years, several researches have been conducted in the field of discourse

analysis  with  various  definitions  given  to  it.  Brown  and  Yule  (1983:1)  opine  that

“the analysis of discourse is necessarily the analysis of language in use”.

Ambiguity is the word used by Stubb (1993:1) to describe discourse analysis. He

says;  “the  term  discourse  analysis  is  very  ambiguous…to  refer  to  mainly  the

linguistic analysis of naturally occurring connected spoken or written discourse”.

Cooks (1996:1) argues that “although the main focus of discourse analysis is on

language,  it  is  not  concerned  with  language  alone.  It  also  examines  the  concept  of

communication”.

Discourse  analysis  has  been  applied  to  the  analysis  of  many  literary  works  by

scholars.  Cooks  (1996)  uses  discourse  analysis  to  analyze  advertisement.  Woods

(2006)  examines  the  discourse  of  advertising,  politics,  law,  medicine  and  the

discourse  of  education  respectively.  Laniru  (2010)  uses  it  for  “who  wants  to  be  a

millionaire,” a television program in Nigeria.

This  investigation  is  an  attempt  to  take  discourse  analysis  some  steps  further,

using its basic elements such as turn taking, exchange structure, context, participants

xii

and so on, alongside some pragmatic features to make explicit the implicit aspect of

the interaction between our participants, Jesus and the Samaritan woman as recorded

in John chapter four of the holy Bible. Our expectation is that this will give a better

understanding and insight into the conversation.

1.2 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The  Holy  Bible  is  one  of  the  most  sought  after  books  in  the  world  today.

Jesus  Christ  who  has  His  name  or  image  as  the  central  subject  of  discourse  from

Genesis  to  Revelation  is  possibly  the  most  mentioned  name  in  the  universe.

However,  the  interpretation  of  many  of  the  teachings,  conversation  and  events  he

partook in, are being subjected to diverse meaning explication by several people both

in the field of religion and outside religion.

A  discourse  analysis  of  Jesus’  conversation  with  the  Samaritan  woman

attempts to show how elements of discourse analysis  can be used  in decoding  facts

and foregrounded information from the Holy Bible.

1.3 SCOPE AND DELIMITATION

This research seeks to undertake a discourse analysis of Jesus’ conversation with

the Samaritan woman. It attempts to show  how best discourse and some pragmatic

elements  can  be  used  to  decode  the  meaning  of  conversation  in  the  Holy  Bible.

xiii

Jesus’  conversation  with  the  Samaritan  woman  has  been  selected  from  several

Biblical conversations just as a sample among others.

1.4   JUSTIFICATION

Some  researchers  have  conducted  investigations  into  the  Holy  Bible  using

discourse        analysis. For instance, Balogun’s “A Discourse Analysis of selected

parables of Jesus Christ (2010)”. However, as at the period of this study to the best

of  our  knowledge,  no  researcher  has  used  discourse  analysis  to  analyze  Jesus’

conversation with the Samaritan woman.

Moreover,  “A  discourse  analysis  of  Jesus’  conversation  with  the  Samaritan

woman”  will  not only  add  to the  knowledge  bank  but  it  will  show  how  effectively

discourse  analysis  can  be  used  in  decoding  meaning    in  conversations  in  the  Holy

Bible which has been described by many as being more spiritual than psychological.

1.5 METHODOLOGY

Our primary  data  will  be  drawn  from  the  New  International  Version  of  the

Holy  Bible  because  of  its  simplicity  and  general  acceptability.  The  data  will  be  as

recorded  by  Saint  John  chapter  four  (John  4).  It  will  be  presented  excluding  the

writer’s  comments  in  an  exchange  structure  format.  The  elements  of  discourse

analysis found within shall be used alongside some pragmatic elements.