A Review of the Legal and Institutional Framework for the Management and Control and Regulation of Maritime Transportation in Nigeria
The regulation of maritime transportation in Nigeria is carried out by certain institutions and agencies acting under and with a large spectrum of laws, rules, and regulations most of which are in furtherance of their obligations under an international regulatory legal regime. The legal regime (rules or regulations) provide the basis and tools with which the institutions perform their regulatory functions. The incidence, activities, and functions of these institutions and the legal rules and regulations with which they perform their mandate constitute the legal and institutional framework for the regulation of maritime transportation under Nigerian maritime law. Maritime transportation operations and services we have three basic activities: international maritime transport, maritime auxiliary services, and port services. All these services and operations do require one form of regulation or the other just like every other activity. Overall, these regulations and practices binding the services and operations of maritime can be classified under two broad headings: regulations related to commercial maritime operations and practices, and regulations related to safety and the environment. Hence, the objective of the paper is to analyze the regulatory maritime law regime in Nigeria and the institutional framework under which the regulatory regime operates to evaluate the adequacy of the Nigerian maritime regulatory law regime with regard to regulations related to commercial operations, regulations related to safety and the maritime environment.