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AN ASSESSMENT OF GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY

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AN ASSESSMENT OF GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY

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AN ASSESSMENT OF GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY

ABSTRACT

This study focused on the assessment of government policies and programme implementation strategies and the extent at which the Kaduna State Poverty Alleviation Programme has not been able to attain its goals of eradicating poverty in the state. The research work pointed out the role of government in policy making and implementation, the problems of policy implementation and a review of past government policies and programmes on poverty alleviation.

 

The study concluded that the success of any government policy depends on the implementation strategy of government. In other words adequate and effective policy and programme implementation process and national development are connected to each other.

 

Based on the findings of this research work, government should set up quality goal monitoring and coordinating mechanism for proper policy and programme implementation and the need to minimize bureaucracy and create an atmosphere for value added public service of a purposeful and computer literate human resource personnel.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Abstract

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE

  • The Background to the Study
  • Statement of the Problem
  • Objectives of the Study
  • Significance of the Study
  • Research Methodology
  • Scope and Limitation to the Study
  • Operational Definitions

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

  • Introduction
  • Concept of Policy
  • The Policy Process
  • Policy Implementation
  • Policy Implementation in the Nigerian Context
  • Problems of Policy Implementation
  • The role of Government in Policy Making and Implementation
  • Review of Past Government policies and programmes in Poverty Alleviation

CHAPTER THREE: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF THE KADUNA STATE POVERTY ALLEVIATION PROGRAMME

  • Introduction
  • The Establishment
  • Objectives of Kaduna State Poverty Alleviation Programme
  • Mandate of the Programme
  • Goal and Strategy of the Programme
  • Funding and Disbursement
  • Operational Structure of Kaduna State Poverty Alleviation Programme
    • State Poverty Eradication Council: Structure/Functions
  • Management of Kaduna State Poverty Alleviation Programme
  • The National Assessment and Evaluation Committee (NAEC)

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

  • Introduction
  • Data Presentation and Analysis
  • Test of Hypothesis
  • Summary of Major Findings

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Summary
  • Conclusions
  • Recommendations

Appendix I: Questionnaires

Appendix II: Organizational Structure of Kaduna State Poverty Alleviation Programme

 

*************************************************************

E       =       Total of Row X Total of Row

Grand Total

Furthermore, the value of X2 obtained from the calculation is compared with the vale of X2 on the distribution table (see appendix) for a given significance level and at a specified degree of freedom. The degree of freedom (DF) is calculated using the following formula (Spiegel 1972).

DF = (Number of Row – 1) X (Number of Column -1).

 

The general rule of chi-square

If calculated value of X2 is greater than the value of X2 obtained from the distribution table, the null hypothesis (H0) shall be rejected while alternative hypothesis (H1) shall be accepted. (Lucey, 1984).

 

If the value of X2 calculated is less than the value obtained from the distribution table, the null hypothesis (Ho) is accepted and alternative hypothesis (H1) rejected. (Lucey, 1984).

It is imperative to highlight that the hypothesis is tested at 5% of significance.

H1:     The Kaduna State Poverty Alleviation Programme has not  been able to change the standard of living of the people since its inception.

H0:     The Kaduna State Poverty Alleviation Programme has changed the standard of living of the people since its inception.

 

To test this hypothesis, the question on the standard of living of the people was designed to give effect to the tested for the hypothesis and table 4.19 represent its analysis. It is analyzed and tested to infer as to whether the Kaduna State Poverty Alleviation Programme has changed the standard of living of the people or not.

 

Table 4.10: CHANGE IN LIVING STANDARD

CHANGE RESIDENT STAFF TOTAL PERCENTAGE
Yes 7 17 24 40
No 23 13 36 60
  30 30 60 100

Source: Field Survey, 2010

X2 = ∑(O-E)2

E

E       =       Total of Row X Total of Row

Grand Total

Row 1, Column 1 = 24 X 30

  • = 12

Row 1, Column 2 = 24 X 30

60          = 12

Row 2, Column 1 = 36 X 30

  • = 18

Row 2, Column 2 = 36 X 30

  • = 18

CHI-SQUARE TABLE

Variables O E O-E (O-E)2 (O-E)2

   E

Residents

(Yes)

(No)

 

7

23

 

12

18

 

-5

5

 

25

25

 

2.0833

1.3889

Staff (Yes)

(No)

17

13

12

18

5

-5

25

25

2.0833

1.3889

          6.9444

 

DEGREE OF FREEDOM

DF     =       (Row – 1) X (Column -1)

=       (2-1) X (2-1)

=       1 X 1

=       1

With 1 as the degree of freedom, and level of significance 5%, this implies that the value of X2 from the chi-square (X2) distributable for 5% significance level at 1 degree of freedom is 3.84.

 

However, from the calculation above, the value of X2 = 6.9444 obtained is greater than the value of X2 from the distribution table, therefore, the null hypothesis (Ho) shall be rejected and the alternative hypothesis (H1) accepted.

 

We will now accept that the Kaduna State Poverty Alleviation Programme has not been able to change the standard of living of the people since its inception.

 

  • DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

It is obvious from the data analysis and the test of the statement of research hypothesis that the activities of the Kaduna State Poverty Alleviation Programme (KSPAP) so far has not really made an impact on the lives of the people of Kaduna State. There has not been a significant difference in the standard of living of the people now as compared to before the intervention of the programme. There is therefore for proper execution of KSPAP policies, strengthening, coordinating, monitoring and evaluation of government programmes so as to impact profoundly on the lives of the people, enhance socio-economic development and alleviate poverty in the state.

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  • Vendor: ProWriters
  • Address: 15 ikpa road
    Uyo
    Akwa Ibom
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