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BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF WATER TANKS IN HALLS OF RESIDENCE IN THE UNIVERSITY OF BENIN

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BACTERIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF WATER TANKS IN HALLS OF RESIDENCE IN THE UNIVERSITY OF BENIN

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

COVER PAGE ……………………………………………………………………i

TITLE PAGE ………………………………………………………………………………..ii

CERTIFICATION PAGE………………………………………………………………….iii

APPROVAL ……………………………………………………………………..iv

DEDICATION………………………………………………………………………………..v

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT………………………………………………………………….vi

TABLE OF CONTENT…………………………………………………………………….viii

LIST OF TABLES…………………………………………………………….….xi

ABSTRACT…………………………………………………………………………………..xiii

 

CHAPTHER ONE

 

  • INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………….1

1.1     AIM OF STUDY……………………………………………………………3

1.2     OBJECTIVE OF STUDY…………………………………………………..3

 

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW……..…………………………………………….….4

  • WATER……………………………..……………………………….…4

2.1        DRINKING WATER QUALITY……………………..………….……5

2.2        BOREHOLE………….…………………………………….…….……6

2.2.1.    CONDITIONS TO BE MET WHEN SITING A BOREHOLE……….7

 

2.3        OVERVIEW OF STORAGE WATER TANKS………………………8

 

2.4        SOURCES OF MICROORGANISMS IN TANK AND STORAGE

 

WATER…………………………………………………….………….9

 

2.5        WATER BORNE INFECTIOUS DISEASE……………………..….10

 

2.5.1.    EPIDEMIOLOGY………………………………………………..…..12

 

2.5.2.    PREVENTION AND TREATMENT…………………………………14

 

2.5.3.    WATER BORNE PATHOGENS AND THEIR HEALTH

 

SIGNIFICANCE………………………………………………………15

 

2.6        PREVENTION OF MICROBIAL CONTAMINATION OF WATER

 

STORED IN TANKS…………………………………………..…….16

 

2.6.1.    CONTINUOUS CHLORINATION………….………………………17

 

2.6.2.    SIMPLE CHLORINATION…………………………………………17

 

2.6.3.    SUPER CHLORINATION…………………………….…………….17

 

2.6.4.    SHOCK CHLORINATION………………….………………………17

 

2.6.5.    ULTRA VIOLET RADIATION……………………………………..18

 

2.6.6.    OZONATION………………………………………………………..18

 

2.6.7.    BOILING…………………………………………………………….18

 

2.6.8.    PASTEURIZATION…………………………………………………19

 

 

CHAPTER THREE

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS

 

  • COLLECTION OF WATER SAMPLES……………………………..20

 

3.1       PREPARATION OF MEDIA…………………………………………20

 

3.2      BACTERIOLOGICAL QUALITY DETERMINATION………………22

 

3.3      MORPHOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL

 

CHARACTERIZATION……………………………………………….24

 

3.4      BIOCHEMICAL TESTS………………………………………………25

 

 

 

CHAPTER FOUR

 

  • RESULTS………………………………………………………………28

 

CHAPTER FIVE

 

  • DISCUSSION………………………………………………………….34

 

5.1     CONCLUSION………………………………………………………..35

 

REFERENCES…………………………….…………………………37

 

 

 

LIST OF TABLES

 

TABLE                                       TITLE                                   PAGE

 

  • Total bacterial count of water tank samples in

the University of Benin Halls of Residence…………….….…..29

 

  • Coliform count (MPN) of water samples from Halls

of Residence in The University of Benin……………………….30

 

3         Prevalence of Bacteria in water samples from students

Halls of Residence in University of Benin……………………..31

 

4         Cultural characteristics and biochemical characterization

of isolated microorganisms from water tanks in students

halls of residence in University of Benin………………………..32

 

5           Antibiotics susceptibility of Bacteria isolates from Halls of

Residence in the University of Benin………………………………33

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