CRITICALLY EVALUATE THE APPLICATION OF LEADERSHIP THEORIES TO IN AN ORGANISATIONAL CONTEXT AND MANAGEMENT THEORIES TO A CONTEMPORARY ORGANISATION.
Background to study
The role of leaders in ensuring excellent organisational performance can not be over emphasized. Adequate motivation, suitable work environment, compensation, efficient communication between managers and subordinates play an important role in promoting this goal. Planning and organisation of work is also very crucial in organisational attainment. Some researchers have argued that the most common problems affecting organisational performance in Nigeria business and other institutions are poor attitude to work among workforce, inefficiency as well as ineffectiveness of leaders in most places, though others share a contrary view.
One of the business sector’s most valuable resources is its workforce, yet without training and adequate staff support, employees may experience high levels of stress and burnout (Light, 2002). Halpern (2006) asserted that “the effectiveness of organizations and the health of our nation’s communities are dependent upon the strength of the sector workforce” (p. 3). Effective leadership was found to be the strongest predictor of organizations in York’s (2009) organizations study, based on survey responses from 700 organizations. These studies support the notion that “executive leadership is perhaps the single most important component for understanding why corporations, and governments succeed or fail in achieving their goals” (Carson, 2018, p. 29).
Statement of problem
Managing people in Organisations is parts and parcel of management Process. Therefore, managers should realize, that people are the critical elements in rganisations and that they should be recognized as being synonymous with the organisation. But the problem is, to what extent do managers recognize this fact that employees are synonymous with Organisations and that they should be adequately motivated so that they can give their best to ensure high performance? Again the leadership behaviour/style in most organisations which believe that workers could be treated anyhow as a result of unemployment situation in the country which makes job switch difficult has resulted in the hardship workers face in their places of work in Nigeria. This behaviour/style of leadership has an impact on reforming and/or creating organisational culture which in turn affects organisational performance and commitment. So given this situation, how effective can a leadership and management theories be applied in an organisation. Furthermore, some researchers are of the opinion that the most common problems affecting organisational performance in Nigeria businesses and other institutions are poor attitude to work among the workforce, inefficiency and ineffectiveness of leaders in most places, others still belief that organisations in Nigeria are managed through leadership styles and behaviours that are strange to typical Nigerian culture.
In view of the above contending issues, it was necessary to look at effective leadership and organisational performance in Nigeria. In a quest to discover what effective leadership looks like in the complex environment of an organization, the current study was designed to examine the experiences of executive directors of organizations through the lens of the Synergistic Leadership Theory (SLT). The SLT assumes that it is the dynamic interaction of four equal and interactive factors (the leader’s behavior, the organizational structure, external forces, and attitudes, beliefs, and values) that affects the perceived success of the leader (Irby, Brown, Duffy, & Trautman, 2002; Irby, Brown, & Yang, 2013; Schlosberg, Irby, Brown, & Yang, 2010).