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EFFECT OF GENDER DISCRIMINATION ON GIRL CHILD EDUCATION IN ABRAKA, ETHIOPE EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

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EFFECT OF GENDER DISCRIMINATION ON GIRL CHILD EDUCATION IN ABRAKA, ETHIOPE EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

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EFFECT OF GENDER DISCRIMINATION ON GIRL CHILD EDUCATION IN ABRAKA, ETHIOPE EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

COVER PAGE.. i

TITLE PAGE.. ii

CERTIFICATION.. iii

DEDICATION.. iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. v

TABLE OF CONTENTS. vii

ABSTRACT. ix

CHAPTER ONE.. 1

INTRODUCTION.. 1

Background of the Study. 1

Statement of Problem.. 4

Purpose of the Study. 6

Research Questions. 7

Significance of the Study. 7

Scope of the Study. 8

CHAPTER TWO.. 9

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE.. 9

Gender Discrimination. 9

Theoretical Framework. 11

Conceptual Issues in Girl – Child and Education. 14

Peculiar Problems facing Girl-Children in Nigeria. 18

Effect of Gender Discrimination on Girl Child Education. 23

Need for Girl-Child Education. 27

Strategies for Enhancing Girl-Child Education in Nigeria. 31

Summary of Related Literature. 33

 

CHAPTER THREE.. 35

RESEARCH METHOD AND PROCEDURES. 35

Research Design. 35

Population of the Study. 36

Sample and Sampling Technique. 36

Research Instrument 37

Validity of the Instrument 38

Reliability of the Instrument 38

Method of Data Collection. 39

Method of Data Analysis. 39

CHAPTER FOUR.. 40

DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION.. 40

Presentation of Data. 40

Demographic Characteristics of Respondents. 40

Analysis of Results. 44

CHAPTER FIVE.. 52

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION.. 52

Summary. 52

Conclusion. 54

Recommendations. 56

References. 60

Questionnaire. 67

 

 

 

ABSTRACT

The study examined gender discrimination and girl child education in Abraka, Ethiope East L.G.A of Delta State. The descriptive survey method was adopted for the study. The respondents consist or comprised of a sample size of 120 male and female teachers from a population of 604 across 10 schools. A questionnaire was constructed and designed by the researcher with a validity index of 0.86 for data collection from which the data obtained was subjected to statistical analysis using mean and standard deviation. Results obtained revealed that the level of awareness on gender discrimination in Abraka is alarming as majority of the girls are often treated as inferior. Hence, the findings of this study indicated that there is significant relationship between the societal beliefs and girl child education in Abraka. In addition, it was revealed that discrimination against the girl child education occurs mostly in rural society. More so, factors affecting the girl child’s participation in education in Abraka include; early marriage, cultural issues, domestic violence, teenage pregnancy and religious bias. Effect of gender discrimination of the girl child in societal development results to dropout, mental health, inadequate women, teacher’s poor academic performance and deprived access education for girl child.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Education is an important foundation to improve the status of women and has been recognized as a potent and dynamic instrument for national development and social transformation. In every civilized society and especially in the African context, children are regarded as the pride of parents and the greatest value the society possesses. This is why children are mostly cherished and consciously protected from all forms of hazards and abuse. According to Obanya (2007) the girl-child educational attainment is low as records have shown that fewer girls go to school than boys. Offorma, (2009) noted that this is because the girl-children have not been so lucky to be cherished, protected and loved in Nigerian society due to certain traditional practices, stereotyping, cultural and religious beliefs which put them at the risk of abuse and neglect.

Gender inequality, discrimination and violence are anathema to human existence, healthy relationships and development. The issue of discrimination against the girl-child has remained an unresolved issue and a major concern in the academic discourse. Igube, (2004) and Asare (2009) noted that the general inferior economic, social and political status of the girl-child while recent studies are also showing the state of her existence from the formative-infancy stage through youth to the adult stage. More so, gender discrimination against the girl child education is contrary to fundamental human rights, equity, natural justice and good governance.

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