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LANGUAGE ATTITUDES AMONG TEENAGERS AND ITS EFFECT

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LANGUAGE ATTITUDES AMONG TEENAGERS AND ITS EFFECT

ABSTRACT

 

This work seeks to explain the attitudes exhibited by teenagers Uyo, Akwa Ibom State to their Ibibio language.  Most work done in this field is centered on language loss/death.  Therefore this work will be concerned on the attitudes exhibited by teenagers to their Ibibio Language vis-à-vis English and pidgin and its effect.

The framework of this research is based on socio-linguistics approach of Baker (1992) in his work titled: Attitudes and Language.

This study is divided into five (5) chapters; chapter one is basically an introduction of the research to be carried out.  Chapter two is the reviewing of relevant and related literatures, chapter three deals with sources of data collection such as questionnaires only.  Chapter four highlights on language attitude among teenagers in Uyo and its effect (a brief discussion), and findings, while chapter five is conclusion and recommendations of the research, including references and appendix.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page                                                                                          i

Certification                                                                                      ii

Dedication                                                                                        iii

Acknowledgement                                                                           iv

Abstract                                                                                            vi

Table of Contents                                                                                      vii

CHAPTER ONE:  INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of Study                                                              1

1.2     Significance and Scope of Study                                             2

1.3     Purpose of this Study                                                             3

1.4     Methodology                                                                          3

1.5     Statement of Problem                                                             4

CHAPTER TWO:  LITERATURE REVIEW

  • Concept of Attitude                                                           5

2.1     Definition and Explanation of Language Attitude                8

2.2     Determinant of Language Attitude                                        11

2.2.1  The Home/Family                                                                   12

2.2.2  The Government                                                                    13

2.2.3  The School                                                                              15

2.2.4  Negligence/Ignorance                                                            17

CHAPTER THREE:  METHODOLOGY

  • Description of Instruments (Questionnaire) 26
  • Population of the Study 27
  • Method of Data Analysis 27
  • Data Presentation and Analysis 28
  • Data Analysis 28

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0     Result/Effect of Language Attitude                                        43

4.1     Language Shift                                                                        43

4.2     Language Standardization                                                     45

4.3     Language Death                                                                     46

CHAPTER FIVE

  • Conclusion 52
  • Recommendations 53

References                                                                                        55

Appendix                                                                                         58

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the Study

In the time past, language attitudes has been analyzed and debated upon with respect to how languages can be endangered, and how they can die.  The two main points to be considered in this research are:  attitude and language, and how teenagers manipulate them.

Attitude is defined as the way that one thinks and feels about somebody or something, the way that one behaves towards somebody or something that shows how one thinks and feels.  While language is defined as the system of communication in speech and writing that is used by people of a particular country. Also, another dictionary definition of language is a particular style of speaking or writing.

So for the purpose of further development and preservation of the Ibibio Language, this research is going to be concerned with the behaviour exhibited by teenagers In Uyo, Akwa Ibom State particularly those in the Uyo Local Government Area of the State to their indigenous language

1.2     Significance and Scope of the Study

The study “language attitudes among teenagers and its effects” is a study of how language is being approached and manipulated by teenagers in Uyo district of Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, for their day-to-day interaction, fellowship and relationship.

 

1.3     Purpose of this Study

This research aims at seeing why teenagers behave the way they do to language (what influence and inform the behaviour so exhibited to language), see the effect of their behaviour on their indigenous language, and proffer possible solutions aimed at internalizing the language in the minds of these teenagers thereby preserving the language.

  • Methodology

In analyzing various related texts in relation to this field, a socio-linguistic method of approach is used in examining the behaviour or attitudes exhibited by teenagers in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State to their indigenous language vis-à-vis English and pidgin.

Also, questionnaires are used in the observation of their attitude to language as a means of data collection.

1.5     Statement of the Problem

Most language users do not see the language that they speak as a definition of their race, their culture, and their personality.  Negligence, ignorance and quest to follow the current trend have left Africans in general and Nigerians in particular far from their root – their source/who they really are.

So in this research, ways in which we have drifted from our culture (through the embracing of a foreign language) are being elaborated upon, and suggestions on how to re-position our attitude to our indigenous language are made explicit.