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THE PROBLEMS OF HOSTEL MANAGEMENT AND ACCOMMODATION IN HIGHER INSTITUTIONS IN NIGERIAN

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THE PROBLEMS OF HOSTEL MANAGEMENT AND ACCOMMODATION IN HIGHER INSTITUTIONS IN NIGERIAN

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THE PROBLEMS OF HOSTEL MANAGEMENT AND ACCOMMODATION IN HIGHER INSTITUTIONS IN NIGERIAN

TABLE OF CONTENT

 

 

 

Title page                                                                                 I

 

Certification                                                                            ii

 

Dedication                                                                               iii

 

Acknowledgement                                                                   iv

 

Abstract                                                                                  v

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

1.1     Introduction                                                                   1-6

 

1.2     Statement of problem                                                    6-7

 

1.3 Objective of study                                                             7-8

 

1.4     Scope and limitation of study                                        8-9

 

1.5     Relevance of study                                                         9-10

 

References                                                                               10-11

 

 

 

 CHAPTER TWO

 

2.1     Historical background of internal audit in government  12-16

 

2.2     Objective and audit                                                        16-17

 

2.3     Advantage of internal Audit                                          17-18

 

2.4     Internal control and check                                             18-19

 

2.5     Qualities of an Auditoe                                                  19-20

 

2.6     The role of internal audit                                                         20-23

 

 

  1. Qualities control of internal Audit 23-38

REFERENCE

 

 

CHAPTER THREE

 

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY                                             40

 

3.1      Research design                                                            40

 

3.2     Sample selection                                                            40

 

3.3     Sampling technique                                                       41

 

3.4     Source of data                                                                41-42

 

3.5     Questionnaire design                                                     42

 

3.6     data treatment and method  of analysis                         42

 

REFERENCE

 

 

 

CHAPTER FOUR

 

DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

 

4.1     introduction                                                                             43

 

4.2     Presentation of data from research  questionnaire                   43-39

 

4.3     Test any prove of hypothesis                                        60-64

 

 

 

CHAPTER FIVE

 

FINDNGS CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

 

5.1     Summary of findings                                                     65-66

 

5.2     Conclusion                                                                     66-68

 

5.3     Recommendation                                                           68-70

 

5.4     Suggestions for further studies                                                70-71

 

Bibliography                                                                           72-73

 

Appendix                                                                                74-80

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

 

 

  1. INTRODUCTION

As government has grown in scope size and complexity so too the need for internal auditing accounting for and controlling government receipts and expenditure has resulted in the need for  a staggering number of government clerks, accountants and auditors.

The need for control over government revenue appropriation and expenditure should not be surprising federal, state and local government is actually the largest industry in the country. However the need for efficient and effective internal auditing system in government ministries and extra- ministerial department can not be over emphasized as the complexity of government  activities is obvious . the  annual budgets by federal state and local government are generally incorporated into governmental accounting system and financial reports, this is not the case in private sector business organization. Thus the annual budgets in conjunction with government financial reports are the primary focus of public sector audits.  Internal auditing is an independent appraisal  function established within an  organization to examine and organization Taylor and Glezen (1979) it is mainly concerned with appraised of government activities for the review of accounting financial and operations  as a  service  to the  management

 

 

 

INTERNAL EXTERNAL AUDITOR

 

A person who undertakes audit function is called an auditor. Internal audit has been described as an independent review of operation and records. Sometime continuous undertake within an organization by especially assigned staff of the organization as basis for long protection and constructive services to management Ubesis (1997).

 

External auditor is an independent examination of financial statement of an organization an auditor. Other than an employee of an organization but by appointment by the share holders,  like external audit, internal auditing had its role in accent time infect internal and external  audit had essentially the same beginning there was no  distinction between them prior to the nineteenth century “Ricchute (1975). Both group of auditor rely on the same data base. Also the internal user  rely on both internal and external auditors  and external user rely on external auditors. Importantly, external auditors can sometime rely upon an internal auditors work when the internal audit function is strong. As a result an organization internal audit function can have some effect on the scope of independence external auditors extermination. As an independent contractor, the external auditing firm reserves the right to direct and control its own employees, the external auditor is free to use some methods and to expand or duce the kind of works they do. An internal   auditor must be independence of both personnel and operational activities of the organization. Independence is essential to the effectiveness of internal auditing. The independence is obtained primarily through the organization independence is essential to the effectiveness of internal auditing. The organizational status and objectively. Inadequate independence makes internal auditors conclusion and recommendation to be biased.  Although internal and external auditing use the same audit methodology they have different objective when conducting  and it activities. The objective of internal auditor is to assist management concerning activities reviewed in the organization while the external auditors objective is the to express an opinion in the finical statement. Also external auditing  is a societal control which gives external financial information it user internal control serves the organization i.e an organization control which measure and evacuate the effectiveness of the other organization control however, this project in very  much interest in the internal audit function the  government miniseries. It is mainly con cerned with the appraisal of government activities for the review of accounting financial and operations as a service to the management internal auditing is more or less a management internal auditing is more or less a managerial control which function by measuring and evaluating the effectiveness of other activities that is normally done by an employee. The internal audit assures existence of effective internal control in the policies established by the government

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